What makes the area so dangerous is that the blood vessels there drain to the back of the head and connect to the veins at the base of the brain, which pumps that blood throughout the rest of the body. Any damage that breaks the skin in the triangle exposes the body to bacteria and infections, which can cause headaches, blindness, paralysis, and even death.
Taking a Shower
Popping a Zit
Cleaning Your Teeth
Plucking Your Nose Hair
Cleaning Your Ears
Fever And Children: Fears And Facts
What exactly is a fever?
Fever is a signal, like a red light, saying “stop and see what’s happening.” Body temperature varies throughout the day. It’s lower in the morning and higher in the afternoon and evening. Mild increases in temperature can be caused by exercise, overdressing, a hot bath, or hot weather. Fever is a symptom, not a disease, it usually is not serious.
We call it a fever when body temperature is above: 101° rectally or 100° orally or under the arm.
If using an electronic thermometer, please read your brands directions to see if you add a degree or not.
Fever is the body’s normal response to infection, both bacterial and viral. It can be helpful. Recent research shows that fever can cause the production of antibodies that help fight off infection.
What causes a fever?
There is a thermostat in the brain (like the one for the heater in your home) that sets your body’s temperature. When you get an infection…your body’s white cells rush to the rescue and release chemicals which enter the blood. On reaching the brain, one of these chemicals causes the body’s thermostat to reset to a higher temperature. This produces rapid muscle contractions (shivering) that increase your temperature. Your body then starts to sweat to cool itself down.
Why fever is often not cause for concern:
YOU may worry that: Prolonged high fever can cause brain damage.
*We know: * This only occurs at extremely high temperatures like 107°F. The body is smart and has mechanisms that almost always prevent this from happening.
You may worry that: A high temperature can cause seizures.
*We know: This is rare but can happen. Four percent of children 6 months to 3 years will have a seizure with a fever. When seizures happen they are not usually dangerous and have no long-term effects (other than really scaring parents)
You may worry that: The higher the temperature, the more serious the illness.
*We know: Children may have high fevers (102°+) from minor viral illness like colds that will last a few days, but not make them very sick. Some serious illnesses can have relatively low fever (101°-102°). How your child looks and acts (especially when his fever is down) is much more important than the thermometer reading.
WHAT SHOULD YOU DO WHEN YOUR CHILD HAS A FEVER?
Usually you can take care of your child at home. If your child does not appear very ill, it is fine to wait a couple of days before calling to see if the fever goes away. The following will help make your child more comfortable.
Get rid of excess clothing and covers. This helps the body lose heat.
Encourage your child to drink extra liquids such as juice or broth. Popsicles and ice chips work too.
If your child’s fever is very high and doesn’t decrease with medicine, sponge a lukewarm bath for 20-30 minutes. If your child is shivering, the water is too cold. Don’t use cold water or ice. Don’t use alcohol as it can be toxic.
Most children feel tired, achy, and irritable with a fever. Treating fever will not make the infection go away faster. Treating may or not help the temperature from going higher. Treating may make your child feel better.
If your child is uncomfortable, give Acetaminophen/Ibuprofen in the recommended dose for your child’s weight or age. Avoid aspirin as it has been associated with Reye’s Syndrome, which is a very serious illness.
Acetaminophen and Ibuprofen may be taken together safely. However, alternating doses of each medicine every 3 hours is preferred, i.e. Acetaminophen now, Ibuprofen in 3 hours, Acetaminophen again in 6 hours.
Acetaminophen is marketed as Tylenol, Panadol, Tempra, generic. Ibuprofen is marketed as Advil, Motrin, generic.
WHEN TO CALL THE DOCTOR:
Age 2 months or less with any fever of 101° or greater.
For a fever of 104° or higher, regardless of age.
For persistence of fever that spikes to 101° or higher for more than 2-3 days in a row.
If a new fever greater than 101° develops in the middle of a cold i.e. Day 3,4,5 etc.